What Food Labels Really Mean

Food labels can both help us and deceive us. They are generally there to guide you but unfortunately many of them are misleading. It’s hard enough to eat healthily already and the last thing we need is confusing labels. This infographic from HappyCleans takes you through what to keep in mind about food labels for your next trip to the store.

Natural vs. Organic is always an interesting one as many people would assume they are somewhat similar. However, it’s important to know organic is a much more powerful label than natural. Amazingly, the word ‘natural’ helps to sell $40 billion worth of food every year but it has no official definition and any guidelines relating to natural are only recommended. What you should really look for in the store is the organic label as this means that the food contains at least 95% organically produced ingredients.

Another label you may see at the store is one for brown eggs with many believing that they are a healthier and more natural alternative. However, egg color is determined by the breed of chicken that laid it and it does not mean the egg is healthier to eat. Find out more in the infographic.


Exercise for the Elderly

If you’re an elderly person who has retired, what can you do with 30 minutes of your day? Watch a classic TV sitcom? Complete a crossword puzzle? Try out a new recipe? These are all worthwhile suggestions for passing the time, but here’s another idea to fill a spare half-hour: exercise.

Your physical abilities might have diminished from your middle age years, but it doesn’t need to be hard exercise. A leisurely walk, cycle or swim allows you to get a highly beneficial form of exercise without leaving you gasping for air afterwards. Studies show that obtaining 30 minutes of exercise five days a week can be just as beneficial to an elderly person’s life expectancy as giving up smoking, which we all know is a major step in the right direction.

Exercise doesn’t just help you physically, either. Over time, you’ll genuinely enjoy going for your 30-minute walk, swim or cycle and warming up or cooling off with some handy stretching and balance routines. You’ll feel a lot happier and you’ll have a renewed vigour for other aspects of your lifestyle.

You’ll also experience a welcome self-confidence boost and you may even be the envy of peers who see you merrily describing your day while sporting healthy features!

The below infographic from Home Care Plus (http://www.homecareplus.ie/) outlines an ideal exercise plan for older people and offers encouraging pointers on how to take up (and, crucially, stick with) your 2.5 hours of moderate weekly exercise.






Having been asked by the editor who is a dear friend of mine to write something relative to sports and Chiropractic, I shall attempt a brief piece as writing is not my forte’. Interviews are much more my style.

Chiropractic, the drugless non-surgical approach to health and sports injuries go hand in hand. “The doctor of the future will give no medicine but will interest his patients in the care of the human frame, in diet, and in the cause and prevention of disease.” Thomas A. Edison, 1847-1931.

Running, whether for competition or simply for exercise shares some very common injuries mainly involving the back, the knees, ankles and feet. How do these injuries occur? To focus on the low back first, the lumbar spine has 5 vertebrae separated by intervertebral discs sitting on a foundation called the sacrum. As an analogy if you have an uneven foundation in a newly built house, future problems are sure to arise. The same would be applicable to the human frame. For instance, more times than not, a subluxation or subluxations of the lumbar spine vertebrae can create a pelvic imbalance evidenced by x-rays. But upon initial examination one will see a leg length discrepancy. A short leg on the right or left side. Running with a leg length discrepancy will eventually create other joint problems specifically in the hips, knees and ankles. Many of the runners I have worked with during the Olympics and other sports games sought to correct this imbalance through the use of orthotics which in itself can actually complicate matters as the initial cause of the problem goes unaddressed.

Nowadays, there are many chiropractic disciplines around, some work and some are palliative. I am old school and firmly believe in osseous manipulation of the spine to correct the problem. There are few cases where that is not appropriate due to other conditions of the spine viewed through x-rays or MRI’s. But generally speaking 90% of leg length discrepancies can be corrected through a chiropractic adjustment.

When addressing specific injuries of the knees and ankles, the first rule of thumb that the runner should be aware of is the “RICE” formula, rest, ice, compression and elevation. Ignoring minor pain signals from the body only leads to complications that can be debilitating in the long run (pun intended). Addressing more serious injuries of the knees and ankles requires a comprehensive orthopedic and neurological evaluation. It’s been said, orthopedic surgeons do surgery, chiropractors do orthopedics.

The knee is highly susceptible to traumatic injury primarily because it is subject to maximum stress. In addition, since the knee is not protected by layers of fat or muscle, its exposure, both environmentally and anatomically, contributes to its high incidence of injury.


The foot and the ankle are the focal points to which the total body weight is transmitted. Thick heel and toe pads perform as shock absorbers and the joints and proprioceptors on the plantar surface are capable of the adjustments necessary for fine balance during walking and running on a variety of terrain. Because of this concentrated stress, the foot and ankle also are prone to a high incidence of injury. The constant exposure to the forces of impact trauma and susceptibility to injury necessitates an artificial encasement, the shoe, which in itself can compound many foot problems.

Successful treatment and rehabilitation of these injuries largely depends on the age of the patient, length of time the injury has existed and a competent sports doctor, with the experience and know how to address each specific problem.

Lex R. Rathbun, D.C.
Past Sec. General: Guam National Olympic Committee Medical Commission /Guam Weightlifting Federation
Official Olympic Team Doctor: 1988 Summer Olympics, Seoul, Korea
Official Team Doctor: 8th and 9th South Pacific Games, Micronesian Games 1990
Governor’s Task Force 2000 for Healthcare Reform
Guam Board of Allied Health Examiners
Certified VA out-patient doctor, Guam